5 Moral Laws
„Morality as cooperation“ does not predict that moral values will be the same in all cultures. On the contrary, the theory predicts a „variation of a theme“: moral values reflect the value of different types of cooperation under different social and environmental conditions. Taking sildenafil citrate to improve a European`s erection is something that can be discussed with other people, but in other cultures, impotence and treatment cannot be discussed with anyone. And we certainly had the impression that these societies were actually different in the way they prioritized or classified the seven moral values. With further research, perhaps by collecting new data on moral values in contemporary societies, we will be able to explore the causes of this variation. The five most important moral values are unique to each of us. One person may have difficulty with anger and another with a lack of patience. However, Micah 6:8 lists a general set of values: „You have been told, O man, what is good and what G-d requires: to practice righteousness, to love loving goodness, and to walk humbly with your G-d.“ 1) Kindness; 2) Do what G-d requires; (3) Justice; 4) Love goodness (chesed – Hebrew term meaning compassion, courage, mercy, love and respect); and 5) humility. Humility is the most important thing. After all, this is why Moses was able to speak to G-d face to face. because he was the most humble man (Numbers 12:3). A third supreme moral commandment comes from Confucius: „Do not do unto others what you would not have done to yourself.“ Moral philosophy to understand and justify moral principles Well, about kinship.
The main question is whether the selection of parents can explain how and why people take care of their families. It`s possible. A secondary question is whether people consider such kinship altruism to be morally good. The answer is yes, and the evidence is overwhelming. The observance of the commandments is sometimes distinguished on three levels: to maintain them without having formally adopted them; to maintain them formally, ready to sacrifice one`s own life for this; and finally, to maintain them spontaneously.  The latter refers to the Arahant, who is considered morally incapable of violating the first four commandments.  A layman who obeys the commandments is described in the texts as a „jewel among the laity.“  On the other hand, the most serious violations of the commandments are the five actions of immediate retribution, which are supposed to lead the author to an inevitable rebirth in hell. These consist of injuring a Buddha, killing an arahant, killing his father or mother and bringing the monastic community to a schism.  1) „Morality as Cooperation“ (MAC) makes a wider range of predictions about „our common moral significance,“ which, as I have shown, are supported by extensive ethnographic evidence.
Thus, MAC generates new „known facts“ about our moral sense and cultural moral norms. This leads to a better understanding and appreciation of morality, which refers not only to kinship altruism and mutualism, but also to the resolution of conflicts, such as warmongering heroism, moderate reverence, fair division and respect for possessions. Why do we need moral rules? Why, for example, do people need rules to keep their promises, tell the truth and private property? This answer should be quite obvious. Without such rules, people would not be able to live among other people. People couldn`t make plans, couldn`t leave their stuff behind wherever they went. We don`t know who we trust and what we can expect from others. A civilized and social life would not be possible. So the question is: why should people care about being moral? The Buddha taught the Five Commandments as a moral foundation.
All five begin with „I will practice“ 1). Love and renounce killing. 2). Generosity and refrain from theft 3). Satisfaction and refrain from indulging in passion. 4). speak conscientiously and refrain from harmful language. 5). consume conscientiously and refrain from intoxication, which harms me and the community. It is an elegant moral code.
Why these five? Love, generosity, restraint, truth and clarity – with the life lived by them, a person will experience spiritual growth. Commandments are normative rules, but are formulated and understood as „undertakings“ and not as commandments imposed by a moral authority according to the voluntary and gradualist norms of Buddhist ethics.  These are forms of restraint that are formulated negatively, but are also accompanied by positive virtues and behaviors. cultivated through the practice of the commandments.  [Note 4] The most important of these virtues is not hurtful (pāli and Sanskrit: ahiṃsa),, which underlies the five commandments.  [Note 5] Exactly the texts say that one must keep the commandments and adhere to the principle of comparing oneself to others: […] The article you can read here lists seven moral rules that seem universal to all cultures. They […] There are probably many questions raised by each of the seven „universal“ moral principles cited here. One principle that is sorely lacking is the old favorite „Do others the way you want them to do to you“ (or one of the similar versions of this idea). But I would discuss one of your seven principles: submit to authority. If authority is unjust, it would be contrary to the other principle of fairness. It seems to me that relying on authority is too broad a statement, because the practices of authority can be so different. Adherence to practical rules that smooth out the necessary and inevitable interactions in any social group might be a better way to express this principle.
But these are quite complex ideas, as the history of moral philosophy shows. And third, survey participants say so. A survey of family values with samples of students from 30 countries (Georgas et al. 2006, Byrne and van de Vijver 2014) and responses to the scores of the Global Values Survey conducted in more than 65 societies (Inglehart and Baker 2000) suggest that „helping parents“ is widely considered morally good. And data collected using our own MAC questionnaire suggests that kinship altruism is (i) a moral realm in its own right and (ii) is as relevant to moral decisions as other generally accepted moral realms (loyalty, reciprocity, bravery, reverence, fairness, and property rights) . Quite interesting I think the difference can be made here in the baths of morality and ethics. Morality as a group of implicit rules to oppose in social groups. Ethics as well as thinking about the rules to follow and why morality is found in humans and social animals.
Ethics is a Humman thing because only Hummans (as far as I know) can think and act morally, given the well-being of those who are not part of their moral group, sorry that my writing in English is not good. Aniway what do you think of my comment? Commonly listed moral values are: acceptance; charity; compassion; cooperation; courage; reliability; take due account of the feelings, rights, traditions and desires of others; empathy; equality; fairness; loyalty; forgiveness; generosity; Bring joy; good sportsmanship; gratitude; hard work; humility; integrity; justice; Keeping your promises; user-friendliness; Love; loyalty; do not cheat; not to hurt others; patience; persistence; courtesy; reliability; respect; respect for the dignity and freedom of others; accountability; self-control; self-discipline; Service; Share; teamwork; tell the truth; tolerance; treat others as you wish to be treated; reliability; volunteer for the community; etc. While your comments seem to be directed at Oliver, I would like to respond to them. First of all, thank you for your positive remarks on my views on morality as a solution to the cooperation/exploitation dilemma. Last May, Gallup asked Americans: How would you assess the general state of moral values in this country today? Forty-seven percent said „poor.“ Only 1% rated it as „excellent“, 15% as „good“, 37% as „fair“. This means that it is not enough just to avoid what is bad; we must also do – that is, act – in what is good and right. An example of this might be that I never steal from anyone, which is a moral good; but I also never give to help someone who is not a moral good. Morality is also never entirely objective.
The subjective, the person or persons involved, must always be taken into account. This makes it morally complex, but also merciful, which is also good. „My belief remains unchanged to this day that a man who (for example) jumps into a river to save a life without a second of reflection (either by innate tendency or by habit) is rightly honored more than a man who acts consciously and is aware of the little time that time gives him, that risk and sacrifice give him inner satisfaction.“ – Charles Darwin www.darwinproject.ac.uk/learning/universities/darwin-and-human-nature/moral-nature So, ethics and morality are not the same thing! A person is legal if it follows the legal rules. .